列強關係丨P-E-A-C-E

資料A

以下是一幅在1899年出版於俄國的漫畫。



資料B

以下是一幅在1907年出版於美國的漫畫。


「和平議事廳」
和平:我向來樂意借出我的議事廳用於善意用途。然而,他們沒有邀請我參與其中,可見他們要的是我的議事廳,不是我的陪伴。

*「捕獲法庭」:負責處理拿捕敵國或中立國私有船貨案件的國際法庭。



(a) 你認為資料A漫畫的主要信息是甚麼?試從資料A援引兩項線索,支持你的答案

(4分)


(b) 你認為漫畫家對和平的前景持什麼看法?試參考資料B,解釋你的答案。

(3分)


(c) 「1900-1914年間,維持和平的趨勢越來越小。」你是否同意此說?試參考資料A和B,並就你對上述年間歐洲歷史發展所知,解釋你的答案。

(8分)

 

Source A

The following cartoon was published in the US in 1907.

The trick is to get the pigs in clover – P-E-A-C-E – into the Hague Peace pen.


Source B

The following cartoon was published in Britain in 1907.



The House of Peace
Peace, “Always glad to lend my house for a good cause. Still, they might perhaps have asked me to join them, but evidently it’s my room they want, and not my company.

*Prize Courts: Courts handling cases about capture of merchant shipping belonging to enemy or neutral nations


(a) Suggest a caption for the cartoon in Source A.

(3 marks)


(b) Do Sources A and B share the same view regarding the efforts of the powers in the Hague Conference of 1907? Explain your answer with reference to Sources A and B.

(4 marks)


(c) ‘In 1900-1914, the peacekeeping efforts of the European powers was a failure.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer with reference to Source A, Source B and your own knowledge.

(8 marks)


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