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爆發原因|版權過期

資料A

以下漫畫於1916年5月出版,題為「受傷的無辜者」

德國食人惡魔:天知道我這樣做是為了自衛,我是被迫的。嘻依唉唷。

【根據德皇的總理最新發言,德國是英國軍國主義委屈的受害者。】


*「嘻依唉唷,我聞到英國人的血。」取自英國童話故事《傑克與豌豆》。


資料B

以下漫畫於1909年3月出版,題為「版權過期」。

德國水手(Jack Tar):我們不想打仗,但根據侵略主義,如果我們要打仗,我們有船艦,我們有人,我們也有錢。

約翰牛:我說,這是我的舊歌。

德國水手:現在是我的了。

*Jack Tar指大英帝國一戰前的海員。


(a) 資料A的漫畫家同意漫畫中德國食人惡魔所說的話嗎?根據資料A的線索解釋你的答案。

(3分)


(b) 資料B的漫畫家同意資料A裡「德國是英國軍國主義委屈的受害者」這句話嗎?以資料B解釋你的答案。

(4分)


(c) 「第一次世界大戰是德國挑釁英國的結果。」你同意這說法嗎?以資料A和B以及就你所知解釋你的答案。

(8分)


 

SOURCE A

The following cartoon was published in May 1916, titled ‘Injured Innocence’.

THE GERMAN OGER: “HEAVEN KNOWS THAT I HAD TO DO THIS IN SELF-DEFENCE; IT WAS FORCED UPON ME.” (Aside) “FEE, FI, FO, FUM!”

[According to the Imperial Chancellor’s latest utterance Germany is the deeply wronged victim of British militarism.]


* ‘Fee-fi-fo-fum, I smell the blood of an Englishman.’ Is a quote from English fairy tale Jack and the Beanstalk.


SOURCE B

The following cartoon was published in March 1909, titled ‘Copyright Expires’.

GERMAN TAR*, “WE DON’T WANT TO FIGHT, BUT, BY JINGO, IF WE DO, WE’VE GOT THE SHIPS, WE’VE GOT THE MEN, WE’VE GOT THE MONEY TOO.”

JOHN BULL, “I SAY, THAT’S MY OLD SONG.”

GERMAN TAR, “WELL, IT’S MINE NOW.” * Jack Tar referred to seamen from the British Empire before WW1.


(a) Did the cartoonist of Source A agree with the words of the German ogre in the cartoon? Cite clues from Source A to explain your answer.

(3 marks)


(b) Would the cartoonist of Source B agree that ‘Germany is the deeply-wronged victim of British militarism.’ in source A’? Explain your answer with reference to Source B.

(4 marks)


(c) ‘The First World War broke out as a result of Germany provoking Britain.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer with reference to Sources A and B, and using your own knowledge.

(8 marks)



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