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爆發原因|摩洛哥危機(WW1)

資料A

下圖是一幅關於1905-1906年第一次摩洛哥危機的漫畫。

威廉二世:「這是一塊石頭,我還以為是一張紙。」


資料B

下文取材自英國首相邱吉爾的第一次世界大戰回憶錄,當中提及第二次摩洛哥危機期間英國對德國行動的反應。

德皇突然出人意料地派遣「黑豹號」炮艦到阿加迪爾,以維護德國在摩洛哥的利益。歐洲告急。英國……開始疑慮到,如果德國在非洲大西洋岸邊建立海軍基地,這會對英國的海軍優勢產生何種影響……因此,英國必須支持法國,以抗衡德國。

簡易題

(a)指出資料A中的男子所代表的國家。試從資料A中引用一項線索,以支持你的答案。

(1+1分)

(b)以上國家對「摰誠協定」持甚麼態度?試參考資料A,並就你所知,解釋你的答案。

(5分)

(c)就反映二十世紀初國際形勢緊張的原因而言,資料A及B有何用處和局限?試根據資料A及B,並就你所知,解釋你的答案。

(8分)

挑戰題

(a) 為資料A的漫畫建議一個標題。試參考資料A,為你的選擇提供理據。

(3分)


(b) 資料B中「英國必須支持法國」所持的理據是什麼?參考資料B,解釋你的答案。

(3分)


(c) 假設你是個活於1911年的英國人,你會支持法國嗎?試參考資料A及B,並就你所知,解釋你的答案。

(7分)

 

Source A

Here is a cartoon about the First Morocco Crisis (1905-1906).

Entente cordiale

“I thought it was a piece of paper, but it is tough as a rock.” - William II,


Source B

The following is an abstract from the book “The World Crisis” by Winston Churchill about WWI. He wrote about the reaction of Britain regarding the German actions during the First Morocco Crisis.


The German King unexpectedly sent the “SMS Panther” to Agadir, as to defend his own interests in Morocco. European soil was in jeopardy. Britain realised that the formation of the German naval base on the African Atlantic coast would impose threats on our naval superiority. Allying with France was the only option for us to maintain the balance of power.

Basic Question

(a) Which country does the man in Source A represent? Cite one clue in the source to support your answer.

(1+1 marks)

(b) What was the attitude of the country you mentioned in (a) towards the “Entente cordiale”? With the reference of Source A and your own knowledge, explain your answer.

(5 marks)

(c) What are the usefulness and limitations of Sources A and B in reflecting the causes of intense international relations in the first 20th century? With the reference of Sources A, B and your own knowledge, explain your answer.

(8 marks)

Challenge Question

(a) Suggest a caption for the cartoon in Source A. Justify your choice with reference to Source A.

(3 marks)


(b) Infer from Source B the reason for Britain to ally with France. Explain your answer with reference to Source B.

(3 marks)


(c) If you were a British in 1911, would you support France? Explain your answer with reference to Sources A and B, and using your own knowledge.

(7 marks)



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