* 一項趨勢並附以相關線索 [最多2分]
L1 答案含混，未能有效使用資料和個人所知作答。 [最多2分]
L2 欠缺均衡，僅能有效使用資料或個人所知作答；或僅能討論傳統或現代。 [最多4分]
L3 答案合理且均衡，能有效使用資料和個人所知作答，及能討論傳統及現代。 [最多8分]
(a) Describe one trend in medical development in Hong Kong as reflected in Source A. Support your answer with clues from Source A. (2 marks)
Performance was good. Most candidates were able to identify one trend in medical development in Hong Kong, with valid clues from the Source as evidence.
* One trend plus relevant clues
- Western treatment become prevailing among the in-patients
- Chinese treatment was increasingly less popular among the in-patients
- Surgery became accepted by the Chinese
Source A showed Western treatment was gaining prevalence.
First, it will be explained in terms of in-patients.
From Source A, patients opted for Chinese treatment dropped from 63.2% in 1912 to 38.22% in 1936. Meanwhile, patients opted for Western treatment increased fro 36.8% in 1912 to 61.78% in 1936. It implied that patients suffering from acute diseases were trending to replace Chinese treatment with Western one. Western treatment was gaining prevalence among patients.
Second, it will be explained in terms of out-patients.
Chinese treatment remained a dominant choice among patients in 1912-1936, with over 80% of patients chose Chinese treatment.
From Source A, in the face of common disorder, patients opted for Chinese treatment decreased from 91.27% in 1912 to 83.08% in 1936. On the contrary, only 8.73% of patients opted for Western treatment in 1912, it further increased to 16.92% in 1936. Although Chinese treatment remained a dominant choice among patients, Western treatment gained popularity. Western treatment was becoming prevalent and more people are opting for that.
(b) Cite one clue from Source B, and explain how the clue you cite reflects that the Kwong Wah Hospital enjoyed high social status at the time. (2 marks)
Performance was good. The question required candidates to prove that the Kwong Wah Hospital enjoyed high social status at the time. Most candidates were able to make inferences based on the officiating guest’s high social ranking. However, some weak candidates used inappropriate clues, such as guests’ ethnic background, which was irrelevant.
* One mark for one valid clue, and one mark for valid explanation
- Those attended the ceremony included Governor of Hong Kong Sir Frederick Lugard and members of the Legislative Council.
- Head of the Colony and a cohort of celebrities attending the ceremony reflected the high social status of the hospital.
Public figures attended the opening ceremony of the Kwong Wah Hospital, which reflected its high social status.
From Source B, the picture showed the opening ceremony of the Kwong Wah Hospital. Public figures like Sir Frederick Lugard (Governor of Hong Kong), members of the Legislative Council and directors of the Tung Wah Hospital attended the ceremony. They celebrated the establishment of the Kwong Wah Hospital. It implied that the British Hong Kong government paid a great attention on the Kwong Wah Hospital, sending out government representatives to congratulate its opening. The Kwong Wah Hospital enjoyed high social status.
(c) ‘In the first half of the 20th century, Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.’ Do you agree? Explain your answer with reference to Sources A and B and using your own knowledge. (8 marks)
Performance was fair. The question required candidates to discuss how modernity and tradition shaped the Hong Kong society in the first half of the 20th century. Candidates were able to make good use of the Sources. However, discussions based on own knowledge tended to be too general (for example, ‘There were buildings of Western architectural style in Hong Kong’). Candidates should at least give specific names for such examples, in this case the names of the buildings. Candidates are reminded that whereas ‘modernity’ is always associated with the West, ‘tradition’ is not necessarily all oriental. For example, Christianity was to the Chinese in the 1930s a symbol of modernity, but it was itself a tradition from the West and Middle East.
L1 Vague answer, ineffective in using both the Sources and own knowledge. [Max. 2]
L2 Lack in balance, effective in using either the Sources or own knowledge; or merely discussing either tradition or modernity. [Max. 4]
L3 Sound and balanced answer, effective in using both the Sources and own knowledge, and in discussing both tradition and modernity. [Max. 8]
- Chinese medicine was still popular among the out-parents (Source A)
- Promotion of Western medicine (Source A)
- Chinese wore Manchu-style jackets (magua) (Source B)
- Westerners wore Western suits (Source B)
- Traditional Cantonese operas were still in vogue (own knowledge)
- Movie became a strong presence, and Hong Kong became a precursor of the Chinese language movies (own knowledge)
- Festivals of Dragon Boat, Confucius’s birthday and Double-ninth (own knowledge)
- Christmas and Easter (own knowledge)
- Social values
- Submission to authority and adoption of Confucian order (own knowledge)
- New thoughts, new cultures, activities of political parties such as Kiomintang and the Chinese Communist Party (own knowledge)
To a large extent, the claim is valid.
In terms of medical, from Source A, there were both patients opting for Chinese and Western treatment in 1912-1936. In 1936, 40% of patients chose Chinese treatment while 60% chose Western one. The distribution reached nearly half-half. It reflected Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of costume, from Source B, Sir Frederick Lugard wore Western suit with a hat on, which was a modernized dressing. At the same time, many people wore Chinese costumes with long braids. It was a traditional clothing. Therefore, Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of architecture, from my own knowledge, the Clock Tower in Tsim Sha Tsui (1915) was built in Edwardian Classical Revival style. It had a modernized, Western design. Moreover, Yuen Long Ping Shan walled village demonstrated a strong vibe of traditional style in architecture. Therefore, Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of cuisine, from my own knowledge, people used chopsticks (tradition) or knives and forks (modernity) to eat, according to their needs. This phenomenon showed that Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of sports, from my own knowledge, Cuju (ancient Chinese football) was prevalent in Hong Kong in the first half of the 20th century. In 1908, South China Atlantic Association was established. Football lovers actively joined the association and took part in football competitions. Modernized sports like table tennis and badminton were also popular among Hong Kong people. It reflected that Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of festivals, from my own knowledge, Hong Kong people paid a great attention on traditional festivals like Ching Ming Festival. It was a day for people to commemorate deceased ancestors and family members. At the same time, people would celebrate Western festivals like Valentine’s Day and Christmas. It reflected that Hong Kong was a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
That said, to a small extent, Hong Kong was not a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of medical, from Source A, 83.08% of patients opted for Chinese treatment in 1936. Patients opted for Western treatment only accounted for 16.92%. It reflected that Chinese treatment was still a dominant choice among patients. Hong Kong was not a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
In terms of costume, from Source B, the majority of people wore Chinese costume and dressed traditionally. Only minority like Sir Frederick Lugard were wearing Western suit with a hat on. Hong Kong was not a city where tradition and modernity co-existed.
Therefore, to a large extent, the claim is valid.